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AIEEA18: Plant Biotechnology

Paper Code: NIPA001

The exam is conducted by ICAR under AIEEA for the 1 major head and other sub heads to test the knowledge and expertise of students in the respective fields.


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Syllabus for Plant Biochemistry Exam
  • Plant Biochemistry
  • Plant Biotechnology & Molecular Biology Biotechnology
  • Plant Physiology/Crop Physiology

Basic Sciences & General Agriculture: Importance of agriculture in national economy; basic principles of crop production; cultivation of rice, wheat, chickpea, pigeon-pea, sugarcane, groundnut, tomato, and mango. Major soils of India; role of NPK and their deficiency symptoms. General structure and function of cell organelles; mitosis and meiosis; Mendelian genetics. Elementary knowledge of growth, development, photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration; Elements of economic botany. General structure and function of carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes and vitamins. Major pests and diseases of rice, wheat, cotton, chickpea, sugarcane and their management. Organic farming; biofertilizers; biopesticides. Recombinant DNA technology; transgenic crops. Important rural development programmes in India; organizational set up of agricultural research, education and extension in India. Elements of statistics.

Plant Biochemistry: Importance of biochemistry in agriculture. Acid-base concept and buffers; pH. Classification, structure and metabolic functions of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Structure and function of nucleic acids. Enzymes: structure, nomenclature, mechanism of action; vitamins and minerals as coenzymes and cofactors. Metabolic pathways: glycolysis, TCA cycle, fatty acid oxidation, triglyceride biosynthesis. Electron transport chain; ATP formation. Photosynthesis: C-3, C-4 and CAM pathways. Nitrate assimilation; biological nitrogen fixation. Colorimetric and chromatographic techniques.

Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Biology/Biotechnology: Characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms; differences between fungi, bacteria, mycoplasms and viruses. Physical and chemical basis of heredity; chromosome structure. DNA replication, transcription and translation; genetic code concept. Genetic engineering; restriction enzymes; vectors; gene cloning; gene transfer. Plant cell and tissue culture; micro-propagation; somaclonal variation. Transformation; recombination; heterosis. General application of biotechnology. Molecular and immunological techniques. Concept of bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics.

Plant Physiology/ Crop Physiology: Plant physiology- importance in agriculture. Seed germination, viability and vigour. Photosynthesis- significance of C-3, C-4 and CAM pathway; photorespiration and its implications. Translocation of assimilates; dry matter partitioning; Harvest index of crops. Growth and development; growth analysis; crop-water relationship. Plant nutrients and their functions. Phytohormones and their physiological role. Photo-periodism, vernalisation; pollination/ fertilization in flowering plants. Post-harvest physiology and its significance.

ICAR 2018 AIEEA PG Exam for Plant Biochemistry Pattern
Type of Questions No. of Questions Marks for Each Correct Answer Marks Deducted for Each Wrong Answer
Multiple-choice objective type Questions (MCQ's) 150 4 -1
Cross-matching type questions 10 5 -0.2 (for each incorrectly answered sub-question/pairing)
Total 160 650 Marks  
  • No. of Questions: The question paper of AIEEA PG for Plant Biochemistry will consists of 150 MCQ type questions and 10 cross-matching type questions.
  • Marks: The question paper will be 650 marks.
  • Medium: The medium of the question paper will be English only.
  • Marking Scheme: For the correct response, 4 marks (for MCQ) & 5 Marks (for cross-matching type questions) will be awarded to the candidates.
  • Negative Marking: There is the provision of negative marking of 1 mark for every MCQ incorrect answer and 0.2 marks for incorrect matching type sub-question/pairing. is not be responsible for typing or photographical mistake if any. Prices are subject to change without notice.

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