Postharvest management refers to the procedures or process of treating crops after they have been harvested. It's important to remember that it starts to rot or deteriorate as soon as a crop is lifted from the ground or separated from its mother plant.
Post-harvest is critical in crop production since it influences the integrity of the final product. If the crops were in an excellent state after postharvest, they might be marketed as fresh food. On the other hand, if the crops were harmed, they would be used as raw materials for processed foods.
Postharvest technologies are a collection of practices and inter-disciplinary science deployed to crops after they have been harvested to preserve, quality control, process, store, and distribute them. These technologies will ensure that items meet consumers' food and nutritional requirements.
Agricultural production benefits from postharvest technologies in a variety of ways: 1. It helps to avoid postharvest losses. 2. It increases the worth of agricultural products. The crops, as well as their nutrients, are well preserved. 3. It contributes to the economy's poverty concerns by providing job possibilities for locals.
India is the world's second-biggest food producer and can be the largest in the food and agricultural sectors. Significant investments in food and food processing technology, skills, and infrastructures were possible, particularly in the fields of canned, dairy packages, frozen food/refrigeration, and thermal processing. Vegetables and fruit, milk and dairy products, meat and poultry, packaged/convenience foods, alcohol problem and soft drinks, and grains are key sub-sectors of the food processing business. Another rapidly growing part of this industry is healthier alternatives and supplements.
The use of optimal harvest factors, reduction of losses in handling, packaging, transportation, and storage with modern infrastructure machinery, processing into a wide variety of products, and home-scale preservation with low-cost technology are all examples of post-harvest loss reduction technology. To improve storability, heat processing, low temperature, drying, chemical and biological processes, and other preservation procedures are used. Containers and packaging materials make products more portable while extending their shelf life. Adoption of these approaches could increase the amount of food available by reducing losses and providing better quality food and nutrition and more raw materials for processing, resulting in higher returns for farmers. If you are also studying Postharvest technology and looking for some fantastic books to read, then you are in the best place. We have a lot of e-books for Postharvest technology, then scroll down and check our list of books available.
Rural companies could benefit from postharvest technologies. In India, where 80 percent of the population lives in villages, and 70% of the population relies on agriculture, industrialization has relocated the food, feed, and fiber industries to metropolitan areas. This trend has resulted in capital flight from rural to urban areas, reduced employment possibilities in rural areas, a trade imbalance favoring the urban sector, and misaligned economic and living standards between rural and urban residents. At niapers, we have a lot of books on Postharvest technology available.