In the present global scenario, biodiversity management draws the highest attention among researchers and development functionaries. The ’s carries information on current status of plant and animal biodiversity, indigenous practices, landraces, traditional knowledge and gene bank conservation. Detailed account has been presented on major agricultural crops such as wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, organic pigeon pea, millets, niger and cotton. s on as to how can underutilize bioresources be brought under commercial umbrella. Sustainability cannot be ensured without animal bioresources, therefore s have been included on cattle, Indian livestock, poultry, native chickens, camelids etc., and also on pollinator fauna. s are included on monitoring methods for presence of adventitious presence of transgenes and xenobiotic monitoring. Community is the central point in sustainable agrobiodiversity management. The awareness, community strategies, social equity, conservation of local practices and community participation are the key words. The s have been included on indigenous practices for seed storage, conservation of traditional water tanks, tribal farmers’ knowledge & practices, role of women in conservation, organic practices, community seed networks, community pastures and public-private partnerships.