The present book is outcome of valuable contributions made by various scientists and researchers across the country. This book has comprehensive coverage and advances in agriculture for sustainable development and is expected to provide a valuable sources book for scholars and researchers, as well as guide book to famer’s community and development agencies. Contents in the book are organized in 20 chapters, which includes advances in production technologies of crops e.g. rice, wheat, barley, maize, pearl millet, pulses and oilseeds; sugarcane; medicinal and aromatic plants; vegetable crops; fodder crops; resource conservation technologies; management of degraded and sodic lands; soil biodiversity; farm mechanization etc. The text is adequately illustrated with tables, figures and photographs to bring out the significant findings. The book provides cutting edge scientific knowledge as well as solid background information that are accessible for those who have a strong interest in agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the challenges facing the global agricultural production systems.