In India, shrimp farming has gathered its momentum in the early 1990s, and the country has earned huge foreign exchange by exporting shrimp. It is one of the important sources of income for the rural population, particularly those who live in the coastal region. But, shrimp farming is volatile in nature. It can give a huge profit and at the same time it can also ruin a farmer. Previously, only rich farmers dared to do shrimp farming. But now, allured by profit, marginal and poor farmers also started doing shrimp farming. As this farming requires huge investment, the success rate among the poor farmers is very low. It also has an adverse impact on the environment.
The book has eight chapters. The first chapter deals with the introduction, problem, global shrimp production, shrimp production in India, significance, objectives, methodology and limitations of the study. In the second chapter a review of the existing studies on shrimp farming and its impact on economy, society and environment is presented. Socio-economic profile of the shrimp farmers is discussed in the third chapter. The fourth chapter discusses the shrimp farm management and marketing. The fifth chapter analyses the socio-economic impact of shrimp farming. The sixth chapter highlights the environmental problems due to shrimp farming. An evaluation of the existing policies related to shrimp farming is made in the seventh chapter. The last chapter presents the major findings for a sustainable, economically more viable and environment friendly shrimp farming.
The book is very useful for the pisciculture students, academicians, policy makers, fish farmers, fish traders & exporters and other stakeholders; and will help shaping public policy for economically viable and environmentally sustainable shrimp farming in the future.