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Master's degree in Veterinary Science with specialization in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology / Veterinary Surgery.

Exam Pattern

The examination consisting of 120 questions to be attempted in a duration of 2 hrs (120 minutes) will have three parts:
Part A-20 items pertaining to general knowledge in agriculture and allied sciences / reasoning ability + Part B-50 items from core group containing the specialized subject for Ph.D. + Part C-50 items from the specialized subject for Ph.D.



Unit 1 : General Surgery

Current concepts of inflammation and its management. Asepsis and antisepsis in surgery. Disinfection and sterilization. Surgical bacteriology. Pre-, Peri and post-operative considerations. Physiopathology of burns, trauma, surgical stress and shock. Haemorrhage, haemostasis and administration of whole blood, blood extracts and plasma substitute. Acid - base and electrolytes imbalance. Rehydration and fluid therapy. Tissue repair including its biochemical aspects. Principles of tissue and organ transplantation. Tissue transplantation immunity. Sutures and suture materials. Operation theatre management. General surgical affections viz..abscess, cyst, haematoma, tumour, gangrene, sinus, fistula and hernia. Neurological examination, paralysis and its treatment. Surgical instrumentations. Care of critically ill patients. Cosmetic surgery.Skin grafting techniques in animals.

Unit 2 : Anaesthesia

History and instrumentation. Pre-anaesthetic considerations of patient.Selection of various anaesthetic and preanaesthetic agents and their effects on different body organs.Inhalant and non-inhalant anaesthetic agents including dissociative, neurolept and balanced anaesthesia and their administration in small and large animals. Monitoring of patient during anaesthesia. Anaesthetic emergencies and their management. Muscle relaxants. Local anaesthetic agents.Local and regional anaesthetic procedures. Anaesthesia for special surgical procedures and special disease conditions.Electronarcosis. Hypothermia. Acupuncture analgesia. Anaethesiaand methods of capture of zoo animals.Therapeutic usage of local anaesthetic agents and techniques. Methods of artificial ventilation.

Unit 3 : Radiology

Production and quality of X-rays; exposure factors and formulation of technique chart. Basics of radiation physics.Interaction of particulate and non-particulate radiations with matter.Radiographic artifacts and their prevention.Radiographic quality and factors affecting it. Radiographic features of diseases of musculo-skeletal, digestive, urogenital, cardiovascular, respiratory and lymphatic system of small and large animals. Radiation hazards. Radiation biology including its mechanism of action and effects on various organ systems. Radiation protection. Radiological contrast agents and common contrast radiographic procedures. Principles of radiotherapy and physiotherapy. Invasive and non-invasive imaging modalities viz. echocardiography, computed tomography, scintigraphy, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography and subtraction angiography.

Unit 4 : Orthopaedics and Lameness

Physiological and biochemical considerations of bone. Osteogenesis and mineralization of bone. Bone research techniques. Circulation of long bones. Biomechanics of fractures. Etiology, classification and healing of fracture; factors affecting fracture healing. Complications of fractures and their management.Methods of internal and external fixations of fracture and factors governing selection of fixation methods. Effect of various internal fixation methods on physiology and blood circulation of bone. Bone grafts. Metallic and non-metallic materials in bone surgery and their biological behaviour. Surgical affection of vertebral column. Etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of affections of bones and joints. Technique of arthroscopy. Lameness and allied surgical conditions of fore and hind limbs. Various foot diseases. Affections of tendons, ligaments and their management. Relationship between conformation of the limbs, foot and its axis to soundness. Soundness and examination of horse for soundness.

Unit 5 : Surgery of Head and Neck Region

Etiology, diagnosis and surgical management of the affections of sinuses, horn, nasal and buccal cavity, teeth, tongue, salivary glands, larynx, pharynx, trachea and oesophagus. Surgical affections of eye lids, lacrimal apparatus, nictitating membrane, conjunctiva, cornea, sclera, chloroids, iris, retina, lens, optic nerve, aqueous and vitreous humours and other parts of eye and their management. Surgical affections and management of ear and guttural pouch.

Unit 6 : Thoracic Surgery

Various approaches for thoracic surgery in large and small animals. Physiological alterations following thoracotomy. Heart lung machine and its use in thoracic surgery. Different congenital and acquired surgical affections of thoracic wall and thoracic organs viz. lung, mediastinum, oesophagus, heart and diaphragm in large and small animals. Surgical diseases of the vascular and lymphatic systems.

Unit 7 : Abdominal and Pelvic Surgery

Different surgical approaches for abdomen. Hernia: etiology, pathophysiology and treatment. Various acquired and congenital surgical affections of abdominal organs viz. Traumatic reticulitis, abdomasal displacement, impaction of omasum, pyloric stenosis, gastric torsion, caecal dilation, intestinal obstruction, rectal and anal prolapse, and peritonitis. Colic in horse:- etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Affection of liver, spleen, kidney and urinary bladder their complications and surgical management. Urolithiasis, uraemia and their management. Surgery of male and female genital organs. Etiology, diagnosis and surgical management of the affections of udder, teat and tail.

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